Friday, April 1, 2016

Paradox Frog, Pseudis paradoxus caribensis Galllardo

Rana paradoxa Linnaeus, 1758: 212. Type locality: Suriname.

Pseudes paradoxa — Wiegmann, 1832: 148.

Pseudis paradoxus caribensis Gallardo, 1961. Holotype: MCZ 19890, by original designation. Type locality: Mayaro Bay, Trinidad.

Adults are 45-75 mm in total length. Body is short and stout; eyes dorsolateral; dorsal and ventral skin; fingers free of webbing, toes heavily webbed. Dorsum green anteriorly, brown to green posteriorly; flash marks on posterior surface of femur. Ventral immaculate white. Pseudis paradoxa has the largest, or near largest tadpoles known when compared to adult size. Tadpoles are 220 mm (3 to 4 times longer than adult frogs). As currently defined it is known from the following countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad (unknown from Tobago), and Venezuela. Usually found in open marshy areas with floating vegetation, in permanent and temporary ponds. Calls can be heard day and night and consists of a sequence of 8-11 pulses, but frogs are very wary during the day. At night they can be seen floating on the surface and grasping vegetation with their hands. Mating may be stimulated by rainfall. Eggs are green and laid along the shore among aquatic plants.

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